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African American History
a guide
'George E.C. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, and James Nabrit, congratulating each other, following Supreme Court decision declaring segregation unconstitutional, 1954. Copyprint. New York World-Telegram and Sun Photograph Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-111236 (9-11) Courtesy of AP/Wide World Photos


305.8   Racial, Ethnic and National Groups
306     Culture and Institutions
323     Civil and Political Rights
326     Slavery and Emancipation
342     Constitutional and Administration Law
344     Social, Labor, Welfare and Related Law
973     General History, North America, United States
975     General History, North America, Southeastern United States
BIO     Adult Biography
JB      Juvenile Biography

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Web Sites

African-American History
About.com website includes slave narratives and essays on the abolition movement, the black codes, Civil War and emancipation, the Harlem Renaissance and the Civil Rights movement.

The African-American Mosaic--A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture
Includes information on the colonization movement, the abolition movement, migration, and the WPA.

The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
Library of Congress site includes books, pamphlets, government documents, maps, drawings, photographs and more.

Africans in America--America's Journey through Slavery
Website for the four part PBS series, each section contains a narrative, short biographies, images, and a teacher's guide.

Culture and Change: Black History in America
A Scholastic website includes information on Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, the Montgomery bus boycott, African American inventors, and an interactive timeline of African American history.

Gateway to African American History
U.S. Department of State site, contains information about African American history month, African American census facts, and links to other African American history sites.

Georgia African American History and Culture
University of Georgia site, links to sites about African American history in Georgia and African American Georgians.

Images of African Americans from the 19th Century
Digital image collection of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, extensive collection of photographs and engravings.


Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem and Steinberg, Alan. Black Profiles in Courage: A Legacy of African American Achievement. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1996.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.0496 ABDUL

Adams, Janus. Glory Days: 365 Inspired Moments in African-American History. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.0496 ADAMS

Appiah, Kwame Anthony and Gates, Henry Louis Jr., editors. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 1999.
Call Number: R 909.0496 AFRICANA

Boyd, Herb, editor. Autobiography of a People: Three Centuries of African American History told by those who Lived it. New York: Anchor Books, 2001.

Foner, Philip Sheldon and Branham, Robert J., editors. Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1998.
Call Number: NONFIC 973 LIFT

Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans. New York: Knopf, 1988, 6th edition.
Call Number: NONFIC 305.896 FRANKLIN

Harley, Sharon. The Timetables of African-American History: A Chronology of the most Important People and Events in African-American History. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996, 12 vols.
Call Number: R 973.0496 HARLEY

Hine, Darlene Clark, editor. Facts on File Encyclopedia of Black women in America. New York: Facts on File, 1997.
Call Number R 920.7208 FACTS

Hornsby, Alton. Chronology of African American History: From 1492 to the Present. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997.
Call Number: R 973.0496 HORNSBY

Lanning, Michael Lee. The African-American Soldier: From Crispus Attucks to Colin Powell. New Jersey: Citadel Press, 1999.
Call Number: NONFIC 355.0089 LANNING

Mullane, Deirdre, editor. Crossing the Danger Water: Four Hundred Years of African-American Writing. New York: Anchor Books, 1993.
Call Number: NONFIC 810.8 MULLANE

Pride, Armistead Scott and Wilson, Clint C. A History of the Black Press. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1997.
Call Number: NONFIC 071.3 PRIDE

Salzman, Jack, Smith, David L and West, Cornel, editors. Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. New York: Macmillan Library Reference, 1996.
Call Number: R 973.0496 ENCYCLOPEDIA

Sanders, Nancy I. A Kid's guide to African American History: More than 70 Activities. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2000.
Call Number: J 973.0496 SANDERS

White, Deborah G. Too Heavy a Load: Black Women in Defense of Themselves, 1894-1994. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999.
Call Number: NONFIC 305.4889 WHITE

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Web Sites

African-American Experience
Part of the Colonial Williamsburg website includes articles on slavery in Colonial North America, runaway slave advertisements, and short biographies of 18th century Virginia slaves.

The African American: A Journey from Slavery to Freedom
Long Island University site, contains short essays on the slave trade, the underground railroad, the Dred Scott case, the Civil War, etc., biographical sketches of Abraham Lincoln, Gabriel Prosser, Harriet Tubman, etc., and suggestions for further reading.

African-American Religion in the Nineteenth Century
Historical essay, with images, by Professor Laurie Maffly-Kipp, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses
University of North Carolina Library site, full text of Theodore Dwight Weld's book "American Slavery As It Is," which helped inspire Harriet Beecher Stowe to write "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

Amistad Trials, 1839-1840
Part of the Famous American Trials website, includes trial record, short biographies of the participants, letters, diary excerpts, newspaper articles, sketches, and chronology.

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938
Library of Congress site, first person accounts and photographs of former slaves.

Death or Liberty - Gabriel, Nat Turner and John Brown
Library of Virginia site, short narratives about Gabriel Prosser's planned slave rebellion in 1800, Nat Turner's slave rebellion in 1831, and John Brown's seizure of the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia in 1859, and a large collection of related primary documents.

The Dred Scott Case, 1857
A collection of newspaper editorials commenting on the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision, part of Furman University's Secession Era Editorials Project.

The Underground Railroad
National Geographic interactive site, escape from slavery to freedom in Canada.


Adler, David A. Enemies of Slavery. New York: Holiday House, 2004.
Call Number: JNF 326.8092 ADLER

Bethel, Elizabeth Rauh. The Roots of African-American Identity: Memory and History in Free Antebellum Communities. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.
Call Number: NONFIC 973 BETHEL

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998.
Call Number: NONFIC 306.362 BERLIN

Berlin, Ira. Slaves Without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1974.
Call Number: GR 975.0049 BERLIN

DeRamus, Betty. Forbidden Fruit: Love Stories from the Underground Railroad. New York: Atria Books, 2005.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.7115 DERAMUS

Fogel, Robert William and Engerman, Stanley L. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston, Little, Brown, 1974.
Call Number: NONFIC 331.1 FOGEL

Franklin, John Hope and Schweninger, Loren. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Call Number: NONFIC 975.0049 FRANKLIN

Hagedorn, Ann. Beyond the River: The Untold Story of the Heroes of the Underground Railroad. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2002.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.7115 HAGEDORN

Harper, Judith E. African Americans and the Revolutionary War. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 2001.
Call Number: JNF 973.3089 HARPER

Kendrick, Stephen. Sarah's Long Walk: The Free Blacks of Boston and How Their Struggle for Equality Changed America. Boston: Beacon Press, 2004.
Call Number: NONFIC 305.896 KENDRICK

Monroe, Judy. The Underground Railroad: Bringing Slaves North to Freedom. Mankato, MN: Bridgestone Books, 2003.
Call Number: JNF 973.7115 MONROE

Nardo, Don. Braving the New World, 1619-1784: From the Arrival of the Enslaved Africans to the End of the American Revolution. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1995.
Call Number: JNF 073/0496 NARDO

Rawick, George P. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography: Supplement, Series 1. Westport, CT: Greenwood Pub. Co., 1977.
Call Number: GR 305.567 AMERICAN

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.
Call Number: NONFIC 326 STAMPP

Stanley, Jerry. Hurry Freedom: African Americans in Gold Rush California. New York: Crown Publishers, 2000.
Call Number: JNF 979.4004 STANLEY

Williams, Jean Kinney. African-Americans in the Colonies. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2003.
Call Number: JNF 306.362

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Web Sites

African American Civil War Memorial--The First and only National Memorial and Museum for United States Colored Troops in the Civil War
Includes information on the memorial and the museum, prints from the Civil War, and a link to the Soldier Index.

America's Reconstruction--People and Politics after the Civil War
Part of the Digital History website, includes a narrative of the Reconstruction period by Eric Foner, a timeline, a Reconstruction quiz and a resource guide.

The Buffalo Soldiers on the Western Frontier
Part of the International Museum of the Horse website, contains information on the 9th and 10th Cavalries, the first peace time African American military units, includes an essay on the buffalo soldiers' daily life, a list of Congressional Medal of Honor winners from the 9th and 10th Cavalries, and a bibliography.

A Century of Racial Segregation, 1849-1950
From the Library of Congress' Brown v. Board at Fifty site, includes information on Plessy v. Ferguson, the founding of the NAACP, and the NAACP's legal challenges to segregation.

The Emancipation Proclamation
National Archives site includes a facsimile of the original Emancipation Proclamation, an essay by John Hope Franklin on the proclamation, and an audio file of a former slave, Charlie Smith, talking about his life after the proclamation.

Freedom Fighters--United States Colored Troops in the Civil War
Compiled by Bennie J. MacRae, Jr., includes a listing of African Americans Civil War units, historical essays, battle reports, regimental histories, and recommendations for further reading.

Plessy vs. Ferguson
From the FindLaw website, includes the complete text of the Supreme Court decision and Justice Harlan's dissent.

Reconstruction--America's First Attempt to Integrate
From the African American Registry website, a short historical essay on the Reconstruction period by Susan Altman, taken from the Encyclopedia of African-American Heritage.

The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
Website in conjunction with the PBS television series, first person accounts, photographs, paintings, and drawings.

Tuskegee Airmen
A short article on the Tuskegee airmen from the AricanAmericans.com website, includes photographs.

Tuskegee Institute
A short history of Tuskegee Institute from the Booker T. Washington National Monument website.

The Trials of Ossian Sweet and his Family, 1925 and 1926
Part of the Famous American Trials website, Dr. Sweet and his family were indicted for murder when someone in his house fired after a mob threw rocks at their house, website includes a timeline, excerpts from the trial transcripts, Clarence Darrow's closing arguments, short biographies of the participants and photographs.


Bair, Barbara. Though Justice Sleeps: African Americans, 1880 to 1900. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 BAIR

Chafe, William Henry, Gavins, Raymond, and Korstad, Robert Rodgers, senior editors. Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South. New York: New Press, in association with Lyndhurst Books of the Center for Documentary Studies of Duke University: Distributed by W.W. Norton and Co., 2001.
Call Number: NONFIC 305.896 REMEMBER

Cooper, Michael L. Bound for the Promised Land: The Great Black Migration. New York: Lodestar Books, 1995.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 COOPER

DeAngelis, Gina. The Massachusetts 54th: African American Soldiers of the Union. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 2003.
Call Number: JNF 973.7444 DEANGELIS

Du Bois, W. E. B. Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860-1880. Cleveland: World Pub. Co., 1964.
Call Number: GR 973.8 DU BOIS

Foner, Eric. Forever Free : The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Knopf, 2005.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.8 FONER

Golay, Michael. Reconstruction and Reaction: The Emancipation of Slaves, 1861-1913. New York: Facts on File, 1996.
Call Number: NONFIC 975.0049 GOLAY

Grossman, James R. A Chance to Make Good: African Americans, 1900-1929. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 GROSSMAN

Hansen, Joyce. "Bury Me not in a Land of Slaves": African-Americans in the Time of Reconstruction. New York: Franklin Watts, 2000.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 HANSEN

Haskins, James. Black, Blue and Gray: African Americans in the Civil War. New York: Simon and Schuster Books for Young Readers, 1998.
Call Number: JNF 973.7415 HASKINS

Henry, Christopher E. Forever Free: from the Emancipation Proclamation to the Civil Rights Bill of 1875, 1863-1875. New York, Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1995.
Call Number: JNF 323.1 HENRY

Lemann, Nicholas. The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How it Changed America. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1991.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.9 LEHMANN

Packard, Jerrold M. American Nightmare: The History of Jim Crow. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2002.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.049 PACKARD

Rappaport, Doreen. Free at Last!: Stories and Songs of Emancipation. London: Walker, 2004.
Call Number: JNF 973.0049 RAPPAPORT

Smith, John David. Black Voices from Reconstruction, 1865-1877. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1996.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 SMITH

Thomas, Velma Maia. Freedom's Children: The Journey from Emancipation into the Twentieth Century. New York: Crown Publishers, 2000.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.0496 THOMAS

Trotter, Joe William. From a Raw Deal to a New Deal?: African Americans, 1929-45. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 TROTTER

Trudeau, Noah Andre. Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War, 1862-1865. Boston: Little, Brown, 1998.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.741 TRUDEAU

Washington, Versalle F. Eagles on their Buttons: A Black Infantry Regiment in the Civil War. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1999.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.7415 WASHINGTON

Woodward, C. Vann. The Strange Career of Jim Crow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.
Call Number: NONFIC 305.896 WOODWARD

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Web Sites

African American Odyssey: The Civil Rights Era
Library of Congress website includes aspects of the period and images of original documents and pictures.

Brown v. Board of Education Digital Archive
University of Michigan Library site, includes the text of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision and other relevant Supreme Court decisions, oral arguments in the Brown case, photographs and a bibliography.

Civil Rights Documentation Project
University of Southern Mississippi website includes a Civil Rights timeline and oral history transcripts.

The Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History, 1954-68
Website in conjunction with Steven Kasher's book, includes a timeline of the Civil Rights movement, photographs, a bibliography and excerpts from the book.

Civil Rights Timeline--Milestones in the Modern Civil Rights Movement
From the Infoplease website, timeline runs from Brown vs. Board of Education to 2005, includes background information and short biographies of the participants.

African American World: Timeline: Civil Rights Era
PBS website includes timeline with links to additional information on people and events as well as links to other African American resources.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott
Created by Reniqua Allen, includes a short essay on the events of the boycott, background information on Montgomery, Alabama in 1955, the text of the section of the Montgomery city code which required racial segregation on city buses, photographs and a bibliography.

National Civil Rights Museum
Museum located in Memphis, Tennessee; site includes information on slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, the Great Migration and the Civil Rights Movement.

Powerful Days in Black and White
A collection of photos of the Civil Rights movement taken by Charles Moore.

Reporting Civil Rights
Website for the Library of America's book, Reporting Civil Rights, includes a list of journalists who covered the Civil Rights movement, selected articles and a timeline.

We Shall Overcome--Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement
Prepared by U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, U.S. Department of Transportation, The Federal Highway Administration, and the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, includes an introductory essay, short biographies, location maps, and a bibliography.


Boyd, Herb. We Shall Overcome. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks, 2004.
Call Number: NONFIC 323.1196 BOYD

Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.0049 BRANCH

Branch, Taylor. Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963-65. New York : Simon & Schuster, 1998.
Call Number: NONFIC 323.119 BRANCH

Davis, Townsend. Weary Feet, Rested Souls: A Guided History of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: W.W. Norton, 1998.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.0496 DAVIS

Greenberg, Jack. Crusaders in the Courts: How a Dedicated Band of Lawyers Fought for the Civil Rights Revolution. New York: BasicBooks, 1994.
Call Number: NONFIC 342.73 GREENBURG

Hampton, Henry; Fayer, Steve; Flynn, Sarah. Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s through the 1980s. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.
Call Number: NONFIC 323.1196 HAMPTON

Harding, Vincent; Kelley, Robin D. G.; Lewis, Earl. We Changed the World: African Americans, 1945-1970. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Call Number: JNF 973.0496 HARDING

Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1975.
Call Number: NONFIC 344.73 KLUGER

Kotz, Nick. Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.
Call Number: NONFIC 323.0922 KOTZ

Venable, Rose. The Civil Rights Movement. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 2001.
Call Number: JNF 323.1196 VENABLE

Welch, Catherine A. Children of the Civil Rights Era. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, 2001.
Call Number: JNF 323.1 WELCH

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Web Sites

The Booker T. Washington Papers Complete text of all 14 volumes of Booker T. Washington's papers, published by the University of Illinois Press.

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences
Princeton University site, short biographical sketches of African Americans who have made significant contributions in science and engineering. Also contains graphs and bibliographies about African American scientists.

The Frederick Douglass Papers
Library of Congress site includes newspaper articles, letters, speeches and legal documents; also contains a chronology of Douglass' life and his family tree.

Harriet Tubman - Moses of Her People
Short biography of Harriet Tubman by Jone Johnson Lewis, part of About.com's Guide to Women's History.

The King Center
Founded by Coretta Scott King in 1968. Website includes biographies of Martin Luther King and Coretta Scott King, a selected bibliography, information on the Martin Luther King holiday and on the King Center.

The Malcolm X Museum
Includes a virtual tour, a brief biography of Malcolm X, speeches, interviews, letters, articles, and photographs.

Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement
Seattle Times website, includes a short biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., selected speeches, web links, study guide and photographs.

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project
Stanford University site includes speeches, letters, papers, biography, audio clips, bibliography, and lesson plans.

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave
University of California at Berkeley Digital Library site, complete text of Douglass' autobiography with prefaces by William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Philips.

The Official Web Site of Malcolm X
Includes a biography, quotations, photographs, and the text of the eulogy delivered by Ossie Davis.

Rosa Parks, Pioneer of Civil Rights
Short biography of Rosa Parks on the Academy of Achievement website, includes a biography, interview, and photographs.

To Be More Than Equal: The Many Lives of Martin R. Delany, 1812-1885
Written and compiled by Jim Surkamp, includes a chronology of Delany's life and the texts of some of his books, letters, poems, and newspaper articles.


Beckner, Chrisanne. 100 African-Americans who Shaped American History. San Francisco: Bluewood Books, 1995.
Call Number: NONFIC 973.0496 BECKNER

Fradin, Judith Bloom. The Power of One: Daisy Bates and the Little Rock Nine. New York: Clarion Books, 2004.
Call Number: JB BATES

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. New York: Signet Classic, 1997.

Fradin, Dennis B. Ida B. Wells: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Clarion Books, 2000.
Call Number: JB WELLS

Franklin, John Hope and Meier, August, editors. Black Leaders of the Twentieth Century. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1982.
Call Number: R 920.0092 BLACK

Frost, Helen. Sojourner Truth. Mankato, MN: Pebble Books, 2003.
Call Number: JB TRUTH

Garrow, David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: W. Morrow, 1986.
Call Number: BIO KING

Gates, Henry Louis, editor. Bearing Witness: Selections from African-American Autobiography in the Twentieth Century. New York: Pantheon Books, 1991.
Call Number: NONFIC 920 BEARING

Gray, Fred D. Bus Ride to Justice: Changing the System by the System: The Life and Works of Fred D. Gray, Preacher, Attorney, Politician. Montgomery, AL: Black Belt Press, 1995.
Call Number: BIO GRAY

Hunter-Gault, Charlayne. In My Place. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1992.

Jones, Amy Robin. Mary McLeod Bethune. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 2001.
Call Number: JB BETHUNE

Jordan, Vernon E. Vernon can Read!: A Memoir. New York: Public Affairs, 2001.
Call Number: BIO JORDAN

King, Martin Luther, Jr., edited by Clayborne Carson. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Warner Books, 1998.
Call Number: BIO KING

Kudlinski, Kathleen. Harriet Tubman: Freedom's Trailblazer. New York: Aladdin Paperbacks, 2002.
Call Number: JB TUBMAN

Larson, Kate Clifford. Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero. New York: Ballantine, 2004.
Call Number: BIO TUBMAN

Lewis, David L. W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919. New York: H. Holt, 1993.
Call Number: BIO DUBOIS

Lewis, John. Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.
Call Number: BIO LEWIS

Manheimer, Ann S. Martin Luther King Jr.: Dreaming of Equality. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, 2005.
Call Number: JB KING

Meadows, James. Jesse Jackson. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 2001
Call Number: JB JACKSON

Myers, Walter Dean. Malcolm X: A Fire Burning Brightly. New York: HarperCollins, 2000.
Call Number: JB X

Parks, Rosa. Rosa Parks: My Story. New York: Dial Books, 1990.
Call Number: JB PARKS

Rappaport, Doreen. Martin's Big Words: The Life of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Jump at the Sun/Hyperion Books for Children, 2001.
Call Number: JB KING

Ribeiro, Myra. The Assassination of Medgar Evers. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2002.
Call Number: JB EVERS

Rustad, Martha E. H. George Washington Carver. Mankato, MN: Pebble Books, 2002.
Call Number: JB CARVER

Stein, Judith. The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.
Call Number: BIO GARVEY

Troy, Don. Booker T. Washington. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 1999.

Williams, Juan. Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary. New York: Times Books, 1998.

X, Malcolm, with the assistance of Alex Haley. The Autobiography of Malcolm X. New York: Ballantine Books, 1973.
Call Number: BIO MALCOLM X

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